DNI currently has different health insurance plans to meet all your requirements. So, if you are in the market for such insurance plans, learn about the DNI health insurance features and benefits in detail and then decide.
Valid on select insurers. T&C apply *
We all have heard about Asthma or have come across an asthmatic patient at some point in our lives, but do you know what exactly this disease is all about? Why does it happen? What are its symptoms and cures? If 'not really' is your answer, you are at the right place, as here's everything you ever need to know about Asthma. But, before diving into the disease and its complexities right off the bat, let's understand our breathing cycle first to understand Asthma better. Do you know that with every breath, air goes into your body through nostrils reaching down to your lungs? Of course, you know that! But here's the catch. The track in your lungs contains fine air passage that aid in delivering oxygen to the bloodstream. And Individuals with breathing conditions like Asthma find it hard to grasp air into their lungs.
So in a word, Asthma is a chronic condition in which the inner linings of your respiratory track gets swollen, blocking the free air passage. Since it is a chronic condition, an individual afflicted with Asthma is likely to live with this condition throughout their life. Moreover, Asthma symptoms occur after the swelling of inner tracheal walls, and mucus accumulation further blocks the air passage. Therefore, the condition can bring asthma attacks with severe coughing and chest tightness.
Tread along the article below to get deep insight into the causes, symptoms and various treatment methods for Asthma.
Not every individual with Asthma experiences the same symptoms. Some may have minor discomfort breathing, while others can have asthma attacks at worst. So, if you are experiencing any issues related to Asthma, no matter how trivial it is, you should not wait and consult a doctor the soonest.
Additionally, you should keep in mind that you can experience flare-up symptoms even if your Asthma is appropriately managed. However, you can inhibit the flare-ups using prominent fast relieving techniques such as inhalers and medications, but they require treatment in extreme cases. Following is the rundown of a few common symptoms of Asthma:
Generally, children are the most common sufferers of Asthma, pointing to the genetic causes. However, several individuals develop the symptoms of Asthma in later stages of life. Although the exact causes of Asthma are yet unknown, here are a few hypotheses that can eventually cause Asthma.
An asthma attack accompanies a sudden feeling of breathlessness, acute chest pain, and severe coughing. Furthermore, an individual with an asthma attack needs immediate medical care. During an asthma attack, three things are likely to happen:
Commonly, irritants and allergens cause asthma attacks by irritating the bronchial linings and causing inflammation. So, if an individual is aware of things that can trigger their conditions, avoiding asthma attacks becomes relatively easier. Moreover, while the asthma attack triggers may differ from person to person, there are a few common reasons mentioned below:
Primarily, it would help if you avoid the triggers that cause asthma attacks. And to do so, the best way is to inhibit the irritant from reaching your nose. For example, you can use a mask for a shorter duration while visiting places of intense triggers.
Furthermore, as per medical advice, you should never leave your asthma medications aside, even if you believe your condition is improving or has improved to a greater extent. Nevertheless, if it so happens that you find yourself without an inhaler and an attack is impending, here are a few steps you need to take urgently:
Being a chronic condition, Asthma may reappear in the individual. However, you can control re-occuring asthma attacks with proper care and medicine. Some of the usual prescriptions for asthma treatment are as follows:
While allopathic medications can provide quick and symptomatic relief, you may need to focus on your diet and lifestyle to inhibit Asthma from re-occurring. Several non-allopathic methods have proven beneficial in reducing asthma conditions in individuals in the long run. To name a few, the following are the alternative treatments for Asthma:
Diet changes do not directly help reduce your chances of an asthma attack. However, as per pulmonological research, asthma patients should avoid canned or processed foods since they contain abundant preservatives, emulsifiers and food colouring substances. On the contrary, antioxidant fruits and vegetables are good for maintaining overall respiratory health as they help remove free radicals from the body and repair damaged cells. Additionally, fruits such as mangoes and bananas need to be avoided as they can promote mucus growth.
Furthermore, high water intake ensures enough moisture in your bronchial track reducing the chances of inflammation and asthma attacks. The need for higher water intake also arises because asthmatic patients suffer from dry lungs and need moist air for passages to function without intervention. So, you can follow the aforementioned dietary recommendations to prevent asthma attacks.
Anyone can develop Asthma at any stage in their life. While children may acquire Asthma genetically or due to underdeveloped immunity against allergens, older people may develop the condition due to their lifestyle choices. In case you have specific allergies or are exposed to tobacco smoke or second-hand smoke, you have a higher chance of developing Asthma.
To decide upon a suitable inhaler, you need to consider the nature of your doctor's medication and whether you are comfortable using it. Based on various conditions such as the cause of trigger and type of Asthma, several inhalers are available, as mentioned below:
In a metered-dose inhaler, a pressurised canister is fitted into an elongated mouthpiece which is broad at the bottom. The advantage of this type of inhaler is that there are in built dose counters that allow you to track how many doses remain.
These inhalers allow the medication to be released when the patient inhales a deep breath, and it eschews the use of chemical propellants.
These inhalers allow you to inhale the medication over a slightly more extended period than the earlier options. The mist inhaler delivers the medication in the form of a low-velocity aerosol that eases the trachea walls.
The device converts the medication into a fine mist, making it easier for inhalation, especially for old or very young asthmatic patients. With Nebulisers, the medication enters the nose through normal breathing and relaxes the constricted muscles.
Salbutamol is commonly used for relieving symptoms of Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorders. In case you cannot take it in the form of an inhaler, there is also the option of dosage being administered in the form of tablets, capsules or syrup.
An emergency can arise at any moment, and being prepared is the surest solution during an asthma attack. In addition, the right knowledge of handling the asthma problem can be life-saving, for sure. Naturally, you would feel responsible if your friend or acquaintance suffered from an attack while in your company, and it makes sense to be prepared for the eventuality. Therefore, these are some steps you can take to make things easier for your friend:
Q1: In case I had Asthma as a child, can I outgrow it?
Ans: Unfortunately, the answer is no. Asthma is a lifelong disease. If a child has asthma symptoms during his teens, he may eventually have fewer symptoms, but he still has Asthma. However, it may also degrade at any stage of life. Hence, you must always ensure preventive measures for avoiding asthma conditions.
Q2: Are there some specific foods, which if consumed, can cause the asthma problem to worsen?
Ans: The evidence is unclear whether an allergic reaction to certain food substances can develop asthma symptoms. Although, it is believed that certain chemicals or ingredients trigger your asthma problem. For instance, histamine and sulphites are considered to be food sensitivities that trigger asthma symptoms. Histamine is present in yoghurt, mature cheese as well as alcoholic drinks. Moreover, sulphites are used as preservatives in dried fruits, pickled foods etc.
Q3: How to know if your asthma problem is actually being triggered by a food substance?
Ans: You could refer to an allergy test, such as a skin prick test, to confirm or rule out the same. Moreover, maintaining a food and symptom diary could help in clearly identifying any correlations.
Q4: Does alcohol consumption make a difference to the health of an asthma patient?
Ans: Alcohol contains substantial amounts of histamine, which is also released as part of the body's response to allergies. Therefore, it is strongly suggested for the asthma patient to cut down their alcohol consumption to avoid any issues.
Q5: Is Asthma contracted only during childhood?
Ans: A child may contract Asthma due to underdeveloped immunity and other genetic reasons, but asthma is not an age-specific health issue and can occur at any stage of life. Even adults can develop Asthma as late in life as the age of 50 or 60 years.
Q6: Can Asthma reappear in adults, once the symptoms had subsided many years ago?
Ans:In case, Asthma is diagnosed in a person during childhood or adolescence, the chances are that the symptoms might reduce after puberty. However, it has been observed that the symptoms might start recurring again, with varying levels of severity, around the ages of 30 and 40. However, you can substantially inhibit the re-occurrence with proper lifestyle and precautions.
Q7: Can an asthma attack turn fatal?
Ans: Yes, an asthma attack has the potential of turning fatal if the flow of oxygen to the lungs dries up completely. In case of severe attacks, the patient must seek immediate medical care.